Church and State: Reflection on the Opening Session of the ELCT’s (Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania) General Synod for the Northern Diocese, held at Tumaini University, Bishop Stefano, Masoka Moshi Campus, Moshi, Tanzania- 12/8/2012

On Sunday, 12/8/2012, I was fortunate to attend the Opening Session of the ELCT’s Northern Diocese 32nd General Synod. The Synod is held in every two years. The main theme for this Synod was ‘Make good use of your God given talent(s)’. The day started with the church service led by the ELCT’s Head Bishop, Dr. Alex Malasusa. Following that there was a session for speeches delivered by the Head Bishop, Dr. Malasusa, Northern Diocese Bishop, Dr. Martin Shao, and finally the Regional Commissioner for Kilimanjaro, Mr. Laurent Gama, who delivered, I must admit, an impressive speech. In Tanzania, the Regional Commissioner (RC) is the President’s representative for the region and he or she reports directly to the President. Other government leaders who were present were District Commissioners.

 All of the speeches delivered by both church leaders and the government leader reflected the inseparable link between the church and state. Church leaders spoke about issues such as corruption and terrorism. Corruption was strongly denounced on the basis of the scripture. Dr. Malasusa used a scripture verse ‘Haki huliinua Taifa lakini dhambi ni aibu kwa watu wote’ i.e Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin condemns any (Proverbs: 14:34).  He also talked about other national issues such as increased rate of road accidents and the need for the government to invest in railways as an alternative means of transport. This will reduce road traffic especially trucks, which are one of the factors of road accidents in the country.  With regards to terrorism, the Bishop spoke of Boko Haram in Nigeria and also Uamsho in Zanzibar. Dr. Malasusa had been to Nigeria with the President’s delegation for the purposes of resolving terrorism issues and countering Boko Haram.

On the other side, the RC, who represented the government, spoke about the positive role that the church plays in community development. He mentioned a number of socio-economic services that ELCT provides. These include education and health.  ELCT provides 15% of health services in Tanzania. Faith groups in total provide about 50% of health services in Tanzania. The venue of the Synod was another evidence of the role of church in development- the Synod was held in one of the ELCT’s owned Universities. ELCT engages also with economic activities such as Banks (UCHUMI) and various micro-credit finance institutions.

More than anything else the RC focused on two matters: environment and corruption. On environment, he commended the church for the good work that they have been doing in planting trees. Apparently the last ELCT Synod two years ago passed a resolution that every child who is taking confirmation classes should plant at least 10 trees before he/she get confirmed (the Lutheran Church baptizes children when they are young and when they get to teenage years they undergo faith classes for one or two years ,after which they have a ceremony in which they confirm their faith in Jesus Christ). The resolution has led to thousands of trees planted around the whole diocese. To emphasize on the importance of planting trees, the RC explained the risk that citizens of Kilimanjaro have with the nightmare of a melted Mt. Kilimanjaro. Lumberjacks and loggers have been depleting the forest that surrounds the mountain. So he asked and encouraged the church to keep doing a good job and promised to work hand in hand with them. On corruption, the RC insisted that to fight corruption in Tanzania there is a need to change attitude and behavior. This, he argued, starts at the family level, to schools’ classrooms, and to every institution in the country.

 I personally agree with the RC on this issue. Removing someone from power will not solve the problem of corruption in the country. To deal with this epidemic disease, everyone should be responsible and act. There should be a change of attitude and thinking. Parents should teach their children to be faithful, teachers should teach students to be faithful, and churches should tell their followers about it, and so on…

So why did the RC spend 90 minutes speaking about  environmental and corruption issues in the church synod? One obvious reason is the big constituency that the Lutheran Church has in Tanzania. There are approximately 6 million Lutherans in Tanzania. These are active Christians. They attend church services every Sunday. Tanzania has about 40 million people, which means that about 15 % of the population is Lutheran believers. Support from such a significant portion of the country’s population is needed for government policies. One of the findings from my PhD research, which analyzed the relationship between the UK government and faith groups, was that faith groups are considered important partners to support policy because they are a significant constituency. In 1999, for example, the UK’s DFID published a strategy paper titled ‘Building Support for Development Strategy’, which mentioned faith groups as one of the  four key partners to work with. The other three were education, media, and trade unions. Thus, it is appropriate that the Tanzanian government is appreciating the role and the potential that the church can have in the fight against corruption and in protecting the environment.

One of the RC’s arguments that I did not agree with was his argument that there is no need to have a question on religious affiliation in the forthcoming census’ questionnaire. On the 26th August, there will be a national census  which the RC pledged to the church goers to actively participate in. In his explanation of the national census he claimed that the government refused to include the question on religious affiliation on the grounds that it will lead to divisions and possible religious tension as it can potentially lead to one group threatening the other due to their numbers. This I do not agree with. One of the aims to have a national census is to have statistics on various aspects/characteristics of the population so as to cater for each group accordingly. I do not see it wrong to know how many people belong to each of the faiths represented in the country.

All in all, I am happy to see that the government is trying to work closely with the church to steer up community development. Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world and it is important that every stakeholder who brings about positive contribution towards poverty reduction should be actively engaged. The church should be supported and encouraged to continue carrying out the noble task development activities.

 And to paraphrase Mr. Gama’s arguments that the fight against corruption starts at home….WOMAN! Be bold and ask your husband, ‘darling, where did you get all these money all of a sudden????’ ……remember ‘charity begins at home’!

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3 Responses

  1. bahati
    bahati at | | Reply

    good effort Dr Aikande, welldone and keep it up!!!

  2. Patricia
    Patricia at | | Reply

    The lumping of child sex abuesrs with the dignity of women is most offensive. The Roman Church is male dominated and extremely dogmatic. In the Vatican writings it is clear that they do not see any Christians as belonging even to a Church. Only Catholics’ ( a misnomer in fact) belong to a Church. The Pontifical Council for Ecumenism has a quite clearly different idea than we do about ecumenism. To our Roman friends ecumenism simply means everyone becoming RC and denouncing their Christian beliefs. That is the bottom line. Whilst we belong to a reformed catholic Church, which is inclusive, we still are refused the Sacrament of HC as Christians as we are not Catholic’. Little if anything has changed in the RC Church.

  3. Laeli
    Laeli at | | Reply

    Bishop Maas brings new light to us Nebraska Lutherans thakns be to God for his leadership .Here is an Antioch definition, for those who ask the question, Antioch, what’s that and where does he get that from? I find this a very interesting factual definition. Bishop Maas we give glory for your guidance.(1.) In Syria, on the river Orontes, about 16 miles from the Mediterranean, and some 300 miles north of Jerusalem. It was the metropolis of Syria, and afterwards became the capital of the Roman province in Asia. It ranked third, after Rome and Alexandria, in point of importance, of the cities of the Roman empire. It was called the first city of the East. Christianity was early introduced into it (Acts 11:19, 21, 24), and the name Christian was first applied here to its professors (Acts 11:26). It is intimately connected with the early history of the gospel (Acts 6:5; 11:19, 27, 28, 30; 12:25; 15:22-35; Gal. 2:11, 12). It was the great central point whence missionaries to the Gentiles were sent forth. It was the birth-place of the famous Christian father Chrysostom, who died A.D. 407. It bears the modern name of Antakia, and is now a miserable, decaying Turkish town. Like Philippi, it was raised to the rank of a Roman colony. Such colonies were ruled by praetors (R.V. marg., Acts 16:20, 21). (2.) In the extreme north of Pisidia; was visited by Paul and Barnabas on the first missionary journey (Acts 13:14). Here they found a synagogue and many proselytes. They met with great success in preaching the gospel, but the Jews stirred up a violent opposition against them, and they were obliged to leave the place. On his return, Paul again visited Antioch for the purpose of confirming the disciples (Acts 14:21). It has been identified with the modern Yalobatch, lying to the east of Ephesus.

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